Pet cat in a crate | Photo credit: frantic00

Domestic Abuse Support – Good News for People and their Animals

70% || Over 70% of women in domestic violence shelters report their abuser threatened, injured, or killed a pet as a means of control. || Source: Purina.comWhen Hurricane Katrina devastated the states of Louisiana and Mississippi, forcing the evacuation of tens of thousands of citizens from New Orleans and other coastal communities, many people with pets chose to stay behind because they could not find anywhere that would allow them to bring their pets. Subsequently, the US passed federal legislation requiring States and cities to include the rescue of pets in their disaster planning.

10% || As few as 10% of domestic violence shelters accept pets || Source: Purina.comThe same problem has plagued victims of domestic abuse. Until very recently, domestic abuse shelters would not allow victims to bring their pets, even though abusers frequently used threats of abuse or actual violence to the pets as a means to control and get what they wanted from their victims. The situation has grown worse during the pandemic because staying at home has led to a global increase in calls to domestic violence hotlines seeking help. However, the news is not all bad for victims and their pets.

In a recent report, Inside Philanthropy reporter Michael Kavate documented a big change among domestic violence shelters. In 2008, Sheltering Animals and Families Together (SAF-T), an organization helping victims of abuse, reported that there were just four domestic violence shelters in the United States that hosted pets on site with their families. Today, there are over 200 shelters across the country that will take in pets as well as human victims (approaching one-fifth of all domestic violence shelters in the country). That is a substantial improvement in just a dozen years.

48% || Nearly half of all victims delay leaving because they don't want to leave their pet. || Source:

Kavate documents how NGOs like SAF-T and Red Rover, supported by charitable foundations and later joined by corporate donors, have helped make this change. For example, the Urban Resource Institute in New York City received a grant from A Kinder World Foundation (with a focus on programs benefiting children and animals) to establish the first pet-friendly domestic violence shelter in 2013. This grant led to more funding for such programs as corporate behemoths Bayer and Purina also began supporting such programs. Purina then partnered with the animal NGO, Red Rover, and established the Purple Leash Project. This project provides grants to domestic violence shelters to develop resources to include family pets when abuse victims ask for shelter. As of today, Red Rover has provided more than $1 million to over 100 domestic violence shelters.

1 in 3 || 1 in 3 women and 1 in 4 men experience domestic abuse in their lifetime. || Source:

Currently, the federal government is becoming involved as a result of lobbying by domestic violence and animal advocates as well as corporations. At the end of 2018, the Pets and Women Safety (PAWS) Act was signed into law. In 2020, the Department of Justice announced a $2 million grant program to increase the number of shelter beds and housing for the pets of victims.

Kathy Savesky Buckley, advisor to A Kinder World Foundation, noted that disaster charities refused to accept evacuees with their pets before Katrina hit in 2005, arguing that animal shelters should take the pets. But that attitude changed after Katrina when it was recognized that people would rather stay with their pets than evacuate to safety without them.

October is Domestic Violence Awareness Month and the color purple symbolizes the support of domestic violence survivors.

For the Purple Leash Project, the purple leash serves as a visible symbol of the invisible struggle domestic violence victims and their pets endure, as well as the unbreakable bond between pets and their owners. (Source: Purina Purple Leash Project)

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